difficult philosophical questions


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Philosophy is mother of all consciousness, and attempts to understand the root nature of reality, existence, and knowledge. There are many difficult philosophical questions in life for which there are no set of exact answers, or such diverging opinions on answers that just raise more difficult philosophical questions.

Life is coming from unknowns with no apparent answer. These are some of the most interesting.

difficult philosophical questions

Human beings frequently ask ourselves questions about our existence and the world around us, as we express an innate tendency to reflect and analyze our being and our environment. 

Some of these unknowns have a simple answer, but others not so much, since there are facts that the human mind has trouble understanding. Sometimes, in addition, the environment is too complex and, therefore, venturing to defend a truth in a radical way may not be the best option.

Difficult philosophical questions hard to answer

In this article you can find  a selection of very difficult philosophical questions to answer. They are as follows:

 1. What defines you?

difficult philosophical questions

Definition of “Existence of any being” is hardest question to answer. We always answer of this question based on our need or thoughts we have.

but we know what we are thinking is not truly ours, what we are desiring is influenced by surroundings or our greed, wishes, or conditions. Many philosophers or scientists tried to answer. Rene Descartes describes his existence on “I think , therefore I am” but still there are no certainty

So try and ask this from yourself, and judge what make you, Is it your wish , or thoughts, or market, or anything. still all answers will be not absolute, I bet .

2. What is the truth?

what is truth

Is truth nothing but just a opportunity to firm something ?. We know all justice happened on facts but truth could be different to facts.

But search of truth still searching exact way to define self. “whenever we know more, We feel , We knew less.” Searching truth is part of philosophy so when there are so many philosophies out there how can we stick on one truth. Complex, Isn’t It ?

We can find near place of truth, but Still We are far away from this. But You can read Buddha, He gave 8 ways to find absolute truth .

3. What is the secret of happiness?

difficult philosophical questions

This question we have all asked ourselves sometime in life and, without a doubt, many philosophers and scientists have been interested in answering it . 

Actually, what is the secret to be happy? Does happiness in the Western welfare society have the same meaning as in times of war? A complex answer that opens a great debate.

difficult philosophical questions

In this sense, several investigations have been carried out. You can find out the most outstanding results of these studies in this article: ” 11 scientific suggestions to be happy “.

4. Who decides what morality is?

who decides right and wrong

differences between man and the lower animals the moral sense or consciousness. I raise the question of whether morality is biologically or culturally determined. 

Mortality defines the ability to anticipate the consequences of one’s own actions in right and wrong way. Actions are not universal phenomenon to prove truth. so How a Morality can be universal which can apply to all in the same manner.

what is right and wrong

Morality often change there nature society to society , It is made by human, and all human actions not universal. So Morality is Big issue in Contemporary world which need to answer

5. Will there be life on other planets?

A question that both philosophers and scientists have asked is whether there is life in other places outside our planet. Some people claim to have seen flying saucers, UFOs, and others to have been abducted by aliens. although there is no evidence that this is the case. 

does aliens exist

If we stick to statistical reasoning, it seems unthinkable that there is no other type of life taking into account the infinity of galaxies and planets. 

However, it can also be argued that the fact that no extraterrestrial organisms have visited us may be an indication that life on other planets may be scarce or non-existent. Or at least, not evolved enough.

Now regardless of whether aliens have trodden the earth or not, is there life elsewhere in the universe? We still do not have an answer to this question, but surely the human being will continue to search for some form of life outside our planet.

6. How can the Universe be infinite?

difficult philosophical questions

One of those difficult questions to answer is whether the cosmos has limits . 

Human beings only know a small part of the Universe, but it seems to be infinite. Can that be possible? In fact, many astronomers claim that the universe is expanding (Red Shift).

so technically it would not be infinite but finite

difficult philosophical questions

From the point of view of many people it seems difficult to believe and, in fact, even to imagine.

7. Are we good or bad by nature?

what is good and bad

According to Ortega y Gasset, man is thrown into the world without an instruction book . 

We don’t have a guide to how we should behave. But are we good or bad by nature? Are we born with the clean slate Locke was talking about? 

Scientists claim that the environment conditions us remarkably, but what influence does genetics have then?

difficult philosophical questions

These questions are undoubtedly difficult to answer. Logically, the environment plays a determining role in our behavior, as many scientist demonstrated in his experiments.

But even so, it seems hard to believe in these times that, for example, during the Nazi era, so many people were able to kill so many innocent poor people. Most of us do not think that there are people as cruel and capable of barbaric acts as those of the Holocaust.

8. Is there justice & What justice exactly means ?

what is justice

If we take a look around us we will realize that life is not fair. Barbarities are the order of the day in different parts of the world, and the way of judging people varies according to culture . Is life itself fair or unfair?

9. What is the best moral system?

what is morality

The previous point leads us to reflect on which is the best moral system and, in fact, it is extremely complex to distinguish between good and evil. 

Some people can defend at all costs that violence is always unjustifiable. But … what does an individual do in times of war if a group of subjects commit barbarism against their family? 

what is human rights

Undoubtedly, the context has to do with answering this question, and life is too complex to believe in universal morality and ethics.

10. Is there life after death?

life and death

There is no evidence that affirms that after death our soul lives in “Paradise” or in a better world. But it must also be said that the contrary has not been proven. 

This question, which fits perfectly with esotericism, has also interested some philosophers who have argued that there is something beyond death. 

is god exist

Now, what does that ‘something’ consist of? Difficult to answer .

11. Is the Big Bang theory true?

big bang

Perhaps this question has been tried to answer rather from science , but from the human mind it is almost impossible to understand or imagine the Big Bang theory. 

Although science seems to have found evidence of the Big Bang, what, then, is time? 

This question can lead us to reflect on something that has a certainly complex and difficult to visualize answer, since it is very counter intuitive.

Still there are so many Questions to answered.

12. Why is there something instead of nothing?

difficult philosophical questions

Our presence in the Universe is too complex to explain in words. 

Our day to day leads us to live life and let ourselves be enveloped by everyday problems, which we perceive normally and so we perceive that life has some meaning. 

But, possibly, at some point some of the questions will have come to our consciousness:

“How can it be that we have life? How can it be that there are all these things in the Universe? Or, why are there these physical laws that govern us? 

difficult philosophical questions

Nothing in modern physics explains why we have these laws and why the Universe works like this.

13. Can you define infinity?

what is infinity

Albert Einstein famously said: “Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity. And I’m not sure about the universe.”

One of the most difficult questions a curious student may ask a math teacher is whether 1/0 = ∞ or not. And then of course comes another thoughtful extension: Is 1/∞ = 0?

difficult philosophical questions

But same in Philosophy infinity is difficult when One try to describe in term of God, Universe, Thoughts etc. Defining infinity is biggest problem.There are many questions like “Can All infinities be equal, or not ?” still a puzzle.

14. Can you define time?

what is time

Is time a fact means Clocks are based on seconds, minutes, and hours ? Time is beyond and very powerful element in this universe as Modern physics understand.

It is 4th dimension ? Is Anything constant then time should be zero ?

what is time

there are many complex questions which are pending to answers.whenever the full understandings of time reveal , it can give super power to human race. surely

15. Can you define beauty?

what is beauty

Is beauty the complete symmetry of the face or your lip structure or your dress up ? Is it a mask ? Is it your skin color or even your body shape?

defining beauty shows only your perception not beauty . so beauty is perception or anything which feel us happy or attractive ?

what is beauty

Is beauty materialistic or not ? Is your way to see define beauty ? can you define it universally ? sometimes crying is beautiful and sometimes smile is beautiful !! If You don’t love something but can It still beautiful ?

so Defining beauty also more complex then it looks, Isn’t it ? what you have opinions ?

16. Can you define meaning of life?

meaning of life

Existentialist and humanist philosophers have often wondered about the meaning of life and its meaning. This can be interpreted individually from the search for identity . 

Now, does life make sense or is it all by chance?

17. Do we have free will?


In Rousseau’s words: “Man is born free, but chained everywhere.” This brings us to the determinism dilemma . 

In the philosophy of action there are two currents with two different visions: according to the compatibility perspective, of which David Hume is the maximum defender, the determinism of the action is compatible with the possibility of attributing moral responsibility and free will.


However, there is also the incompatibility perspective, which  holds that determinism and moral responsibility cannot be considered together 

In fact, recent studies suggest that we make decisions even before we are aware of them, and Antonio Damasio, in his book called  Descartes’ Error , affirms that emotions are present even in decisions that we think are rational.

18. Can we experience the world objectively?

what is objectivity

Many times we believe that we perceive the real and objective world, but is it really so? 

Everything we see, feel, smell, etc., passes through our sensory receptors and reaches our brain to process information. 

difficult philosophical questions

Now, what would the world be like if we had the vision of hawks or the smell of dogs? Surely different.

19. Does God exist?

does god exist

God exists? For atheists, logically, no. For believers, obviously, yes . 

Only agnostics confess themselves ignorant about the answer to this philosophical question. 

Yes We found Higgs-Boson Particle so called God-Particle, but Science has found no evidence that Actually God exists as religion depict and, in fact, the study of cognition and psychological mechanisms has historically been more related to atheism than other areas of knowledge. 


Only Buddha gave scientific answer about such cosmic and spiritual questions through his great silence, Buddha denied existence of God but still it is a big mystery, Isn’t It ?

20. Do we have a soul? Where does the soul live?

what is soul

Soul is big question for religious and spiritual persons. But There is no evidence that soul exist. Buddha Denied the concept of soul but many claimed for it.

The idea of the soul is bound up with the idea of a future life and our belief in a continued existence after death

what is yoga

Recently, bio-centrism and other scientific theories have also started to challenge the old physic-chemical paradigm, and to ask some of the difficult questions about life: Is there a soul?

Believe me It is Very difficult to answer exactly ,Isn’t It ?