MOMENTS THAT CHANGED THE SPORTS WORLD

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There are great moments in the history of sports world that determine the course of not only sporting events, but also the history of mankind. Thanks to such moments, people had faith in themselves and hope for a better future.


1.

The policy of racial segregation in South Africa has strongly affected political and social infrastructure, even after apartheid was abolished in 1994.

The Springbox Rugby Team of South Africa defeated New Zealand’s All Blacks in the Rugby World Cup. It was a historic moment that testified to the alleviation of racial conflicts.

South African President Nelson Mandela, who has fought for the country’s black rights for years, even shook hands with Springbox captain François Pienaar.


2.

British physician Ludwig Guttmann organized the International Wheelchair Sports Games to help rehabilitate World War II veterans. He invited wheelchair athletes to compete in the Paralympic Games.


3.

The 1936 Berlin Olympics were to confirm Hitler’s theory of the supremacy of the Aryan race. However, American black athlete Jesse Owens disrupted the plans of the Nazi leader – he became a four-time Olympic champion, winning distances of 100 and 200 meters, a relay race of 4 × 100 meters (with a world record) and a long jump.

The famous photo of Owens saluting was taken during the presentation of the long jump medals. This photo captures one of the strongest moments in the history of sports. However, when Jesse Owens returned to the United States, the only person who did not bother to congratulate the athlete who angered Hitler himself was President Franklin Roosevelt.


4.

Another historic moment occurred at the Olympic Games in Mexico City in 1968. Athletes Tommy Smith and John Carlos raised their fists in pride to win medals for first and third place, respectively.

This gesture was repeated during the national anthem of the United States, icons of the Olympic project for human rights were visible on the chest of athletes.


5.

The famous American baseball player Lou Gehrig was forced to retire from sports at the age of 36 due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

A touching farewell ceremony was held for the athletes. By the way, in the USA and Canada, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is known exactly as “Lou Gehrig’s disease”.


6.

Famous American cyclist Lance Armstrong has been diagnosed with cancer, and the prognosis has been disappointing since the disease was discovered in the final stages.

Armstrong beat the disease and finished first overall in the Tour de France 7 times. His example inspired many to fight cancer to the end, not giving up and continuing to pursue their dreams.


7.

The unique athlete Bobby Martin was born practically without legs. However, this did not prevent him from participating in American football at school and playing for the local team at the university.


8.

Until the Paris Olympics in 1900, women were not allowed to compete. This year, female athletes have been announced in the disciplines of grass tennis and golf. And the London 2012 Olympics marked the premiere of women’s boxing.


9.

In 1965, Cassius Clay won the heavyweight title. The next day, he announced that he was a member of the nation of Islam and changed his name to Mohammed Ali. Due to the fact that the famous boxer Mohammed Ali not only refused to serve, but also actively against the Vietnam War, the athlete was deprived of his title of champion, a license to participate in fights and a passport, without which he could not leave the country.


10.

In April 1947, baseball player Jackie Robinson signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers to become the first black Major League player in American history.

Despite receiving death threats and constant discrimination from other players, Robinson became an excellent sports career due to his talent and diligence.


11.

On September 20, 1973, female tennis star Billie Jean King played in a match against former world racket Bobby Riggs, who suddenly unflatteringly talked about the level of women’s tennis and believed she could beat any woman on the court. The king defeated Riggs and received $ 100,000.


12.

Jamaican-born Canadian athlete Ben Johnson set a world record in the last race of the 1988 Seoul Olympics. However, three days later, the athlete was caught using steroids and his titles were revoked.

Johnson was allowed to compete in the Barcelona Olympics years later, but was again disqualified for using illegal drugs. In 1993, the athlete was disqualified from sport for life.


13.

The National Golf Club in the American city of Augusta did not accept black players until 1975. In 1997, 21-year-old Tiger Woods won the Masters Tournament at the golf club.


14.

USC American footballer Reggie Bush has helped the University of Southern California win many matches. In 2005, he was awarded the Heisman Trophy for the season, but it soon became apparent that the athlete himself and his family had received generous donations from sports agent Lloyd Lake. The university did not receive several victories in the 2004 season.