May 1st marks International Labor Day. On this day in 1886, a demonstration of workers was held in Chicago, in memory of which May 1 was proclaimed the International Labor Day.
Labor rights was core issue and demand of socialist and Communist ideology (Marxism) in 19th century so Roots of labor rights found mostly in Capitalist countries against their exploitation. Lets I share brief start.
BRIEF OF INTERNATIONAL LABOR DAY
May 1st is Different across the world
It is celebrated in over 150 countries. During the Cold War, the United States shifted the May 1 celebration to September 1, so as not to commemorate it when the Soviet Union and its allies did. But that is why May 1, across America, is marked by Principals’ Day, Law Day and Loyalty Day.
In Lithuania, May 1 is Constitutional Day, as well as in the Marshall Islands, where Independence Day is celebrated at the same time. On May 1, Greeks celebrate the Holy Spirit and the flowers, the Kazakhs celebrate National Unity Day, and the Haitians celebrate Agriculture Day.
1. WIDE EXPLOITATION OF LABORS IN 19TH CENTURY
The entire 19th century was marked by the heartless exploitation of workers. Low wages and hours of daily work, from 12 to 18 hours for adults and even children, exhausted people who, in all countries of developed capitalism, demanded more dignified working and living conditions in strikes. Strike movements have gained the most momentum in the United States.
PEACEFUL STRIKES IN CHICAGO, NYC
It is estimated that between 300,000 and a half million workers began striking in the US east in 1886. Saturday was still a working day. The Milwaukee walkthroughs are estimated to have involved about ten thousand workers, 30-40 thousand in Chicago, ten thousand in New York.
On Tuesday May , 4th it was raining in Chicago, and it was estimated that no fewer than 600 and no more than 3,000 peaceful protesters.
POLICE, POLITICS AND LABOR STRUGGLE
Mass raged with anger as police fired on workers gathered around Chicago’s McCormick Farm Equipment Factory the day before which was shut down by employers in a lockout back in February.There at least two were killed.The same thing happened when the procession approached the Grain Market. Although Protest leaders have called for the preservation of non-violence.
10-minute speech by British socialist Samuel Fielden
Chicago Mayor Carter Harrison the Elder himself stood freely along the procession, passing quietly, pausing for a moment to give the leaders brief speeches. In the drizzle, the procession slowly diverged during a 10-minute speech by British socialist Samuel Fielden when police arrived at 10:30 a.m. at the end of his speech, warning that protesters would disperse in a formation that sought to infuriate the rally.
At that moment, a bundle of dynamite with a lit wick was thrown at the police by the police in the attack. Subsequently, police opened fire on workers. Already at the first salvo, four protesters were killed. After a five-minute shootout, protesters fled, leaving some fifty dead on the road.
The drugs seized by police prompted seven activists to be arrested by the police in a raid on the editorial board of the socialist Arbeiter-Zeitung newspaper, accused anarchists of throwing dynamite, and seven were sentenced to be hanged, none of them charged that he personally dropped the bomb, they have already been accused of prompting someone, whoever he may be, to drop the bomb with his incendiary speeches.
THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL
In 1889, in Paris, the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, at the First Congress of the Second Workers’ International, it was unanimously decided to commemorate the Chicago massacre of peaceful marriages from May 1890 to May 1, as a sign of the significance of workers within civilizational reach.
Soon, as a symbol of the martyrdom of those killed in Chicago, a red carnation was accepted as a symbol of the workers’ rebellion.
MAY 1st IS SYMBOL OF BASIC RIGHTS OF LABOR
May 1 marked as the day of the struggle for the basic human rights of every worker, or in free translation, the day of the struggle for the right to a life worthy of man.
Many people throughout history have lost their lives fighting for workers’ rights, so May Day is the day of death for people who have struggled to divide our 24-hour work day into 8 hours of work, 8 hours of rest and 8 hours of cultural education.
The struggle for workers’ and human rights is still ongoing today and it is very likely that our children and their children’s children will fight for their rights in their own way.
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